Of course, for an ascendant young tycoon like Willms, a flashy weekend in Vegas hardly registered as a noteworthy event.

That was the word Maddy used, affable, so when he asked her out again, she figured why not? “Suffice to say,” said Maddy, looking away, “the heavens did not open up, the earth did not move.”Still, when Plotnik invited her on a weeklong cruise in the Caribbean, Maddy figured why not?

Their second date he took her to Gibson’s, a steak house on Rush Street, very expensive. At a minimum, it was a chance to get out of a gray February in Chicago.

He looks at the plot, characterisation, and historical context, and uses various other tools of literary analysis to extract insights from- and perceive meaning in the text. She examines the type of paper that the book was printed on, and then looks at the ink used, employing gas chromatography to elucidate the chemical makeup of its ingredients.

After also measuring the ink’s viscosity and the magnetic properties of semi-glossy paper, Paula tells Tom that the book can be fully understood only through this latter, scientific methodology, and that The Grapes is nothing more than the sum of its parts – the molecular interactions between ink droplets and the cellulose in the paper.

It seems the uptick in the 20th century is not real, being nothing more than an artifact of shoddy procedures where the dates on the proxy samples were changed for some strange reason.

Mc Intyre writes: The Marcott-Shakun Dating Service Marcott, Shakun, Clark and Mix did not use the published dates for ocean cores, instead substituting their own dates.

Mine, depicted in a freshly acquired MRI scan, is startlingly intricate, compact - and baffling.

This is as much of a portrait of my own mind as I am ever likely to see.

The validity of Marcott-Shakun re-dating will be discussed below, but first, to show that the re-dating “matters” (TM-climate science), here is a graph showing reconstructions using alkenones (31 of 73 proxies) in Marcott style, comparing the results with published dates (red) to results with Marcott-Shakun dates (black).